Introduction to Futures Trading 101
Published By: National Futures Association

Chapter 4: A Pre-Investment Checklist

  • Take the time to check out any firm or indi-vidual that you don’t know through previous experience or reputation. All firms and per-sons offering options on U. S. futures contracts are required by law to be registered with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) and to be Members of National Fu-tures Association (NFA). You can do this quickly, easily and without cost by accessing NFA’s Background Affiliation Status Informa-tion Center (BASIC), located at NFA’s web site ( BASIC will provide you with the firm and/or individual’s registra-tion status as well as any disciplinary actions taken by NFA, the CFTC or any U.S. exchanges. This same information is also available by call-ing NFA toll-free at 800-621-3570.
  • Understand what a firm’s commission charges will be and how they’re calculated. If the charges seem high—either on a dollar basis or as a percentage of the option pre-mium— you might want to seek comparison quotes from one or two other firms. If a firm seeks to justify an unusually high commission charge on the basis of its services or perfor-mance record, you might want to ask for a detailed explanation or documentation in writing.
  • Calculate exactly the break-even price for any option you are considering buying or writing. You should know the specific futures price above or below which the option, at expiration, will be profitable.
  • Read and fully understand the required Risk Disclosure Statement before making any commitment to purchase or write an option.
  • Learn enough about the commodity you would be investing in to have a reasonable ex-pectation that the necessary price change will occur prior to the expiration of the option. Be certain you understand the risks inherent in acquiring a futures position through the exer-cise of an option.
  • Don’t purchase an option unless you understand that you could lose your entire investment. Don’t write an option unless you understand that option writing involves poten-tially unlimited losses. And don’t make any investment commitment unless the money you could potentially lose can legitimately be regarded as risk capital.
  • Don’t make any investment on the basis of high-pressure sales tactics. Reputable firms don’t operate that way. It’s far better to miss out on an investment opportunity than to be rushed into a decision you may later regret. And don’t make an investment that is pre-sented to you as a sure thing. They don’t exist!
  • Always seek the advice of other persons such as a knowledgeable financial advisor, attorney or accountant before making any major investment decision.

Past performance is not indicative of future results. Trading futures and options is not suitable for everyone. There is a substantial risk of loss in trading commodity futures, options and off exchange forex.


There is a substantial risk of loss in trading commodity futures and options on futures. Only risk capital should be used when trading futures or options. Investors could lose more than their initial investment. The lower the Day Trade Margin the higher the leverage and riskier the trade. Leverage can work for you as well as against you, it magnifies gains as well as losses. You should consider carefully whether futures or options are appropriate to your financial situation.  Past performance is not indicative of future results. If the market moves against your position or margin levels are increased, you may be called upon to pay substantial additional funds on short notice to maintain your position. If you fail to comply with a request for additional funds within the time prescribed, your position may be liquidated at a loss and you will be liable for any resulting deficit.